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Climate, Average Weather of India

  • Of the land area, 2.5% has a tropical monsoon climate (Am), 31.6% has a tropical wet and dry/ savanna climate (Aw), 17.4% has a semi-arid/ steppe climate (BS), 10.3% has a arid/ desert climate (BW), 31.5% has a temperate/ mesothermal climate with dry winters (Cw), 6.6% has a alpine/ highland climate (H).
  • Of the population, 4.3% live in a tropical monsoon climate (Am), 35.5% live in a tropical wet and dry/ savanna climate (Aw), 20.4% live in a semi-arid/ steppe climate (BS), 5.2% live in a arid/ desert climate (BW), 34% live in a temperate/ mesothermal climate with dry winters (Cw), 0.6% live in a alpine/ highland climate (H).
Lat Long Alt m(ft) Climate Biome Av Temp Precip
Leh, Jammu And Kashmir349'N7734'E3514 (11529)Mid-latitude desertBoreal desert6 (42)117 (5)
Srinagar, Jammu And Kashmir345'N7450'E1587 (5207)Humid subtropicalCool temperate moist forest14 (56)710 (28)
Amritsar3138'N7452'E234 (768)Humid subtropicalTropical very dry forest23 (73)760 (30)
Ludhiana3052'N7556'E255 (837)Subtropical steppeTropical very dry forest24 (74)733 (29)
Mukteswar/ Kumaon2928'N7939'E2311 (7582)Humid subtropicalSubtropical moist forest13 (56)1301 (51)
New Delhi2835'N7712'E216 (709)Humid subtropicalTropical very dry forest25 (77)790 (31)
Bikaner280'N7318'E224 (735)Subtropical desertTropical thorn woodland26 (79)325 (13)
Dibrugarh/ Mohanbari2729'N951'E111 (364)Humid subtropicalSubtropical wet forest23 (74)2569 (101)
Dibrugarh, Assam2728'N9455'E108 (354)Humid subtropicalSubtropical wet forest23 (73)2758 (109)
Agra2710'N782'E169 (554)Subtropical steppeSubtropical dry forest26 (79)695 (27)
Darbhanga2610'N8554'E49.9 (164)Humid subtropicalTropical dry forest24 (76)1166 (46)
Guwahati266'N9135'E72.1 (237)Humid subtropicalSubtropical moist forest24 (76)1722 (68)
Allahabad2527'N8144'E97.8 (321)Humid subtropicalTropical dry forest26 (79)1027 (40)
Cherrapunji2515'N9144'E1300 (4265)Humid subtropicalSubtropical rain forest17 (63)11777 (464)
Cherrapunji, Meghalaya2515'N9144'E1313 (4308)Humid subtropicalSubtropical rain forest17 (63)11420 (450)
Kota259'N7551'E279 (915)Subtropical steppeTropical very dry forest27 (80)766 (30)
Dumka2416'N8715'E149 (489)Subtropical moist forest26 (78)1391 (55)
Daltonganj243'N844'E221 (725)Humid subtropicalTropical dry forest26 (78)1205 (47)
Sagar2351'N7845'E555 (1821)Tropical dry forest25 (78)1279 (50)
Ahmedabad234'N7238'E56.4 (185)Tropical wet and dry/ savannaSubtropical dry forest27 (81)789 (31)
Indore, Madhya Pradesh2243'N7548'E567 (1860)Tropical wet and dry/ savannaSubtropical dry forest25 (77)1062 (42)
Kolkata/ Calcutta2232'N8820'E6.4 (21)Tropical wet and dry/ savannaSubtropical moist forest27 (80)1800 (71)
Dwarka2222'N695'E11.3 (37)Tropical wet and dry/ savannaSubtropical thorn woodland27 (80)275 (11)
Nagpur/ Sonegaon216'N793'E310 (1017)Tropical dry forest27 (81)1094 (43)
Veraval2054'N7022'E11.9 (39)Tropical wet and dry/ savanna26 (79)735 (29)
Akola2042'N772'E282 (925)Subtropical dry forest28 (82)841 (33)
Bhubaneshwar2015'N8550'E49.4 (162)Tropical wet and dry/ savannaTropical dry forest27 (81)1492 (59)
Jagdalpur195'N822'E554 (1818)Subtropical moist forest25 (77)1495 (59)
Mumbai/ Bombay1854'N7249'E10.7 (35)Tropical wet and dry/ savanna28 (82)2168 (85)
Pune1832'N7351'E558 (1831)Tropical wet and dry/ savannaSubtropical dry forest25 (76)741 (29)
Visakhapatnam1743'N8318'E3.5 (11)Subtropical dry forest28 (83)955 (38)
Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh1727'N7828'E535 (1755)Tropical very dry forest27 (80)803 (32)
Musulipatnam1612'N819'E9.77 (32)Tropical wet and dry/ savannaTropical dry forest28 (83)959 (38)
Belgaum (Sambre)1551'N7437'E755 (2477)Tropical wet and dry/ savannaSubtropical dry forest24 (76)947 (37)
Goa1529'N7349'E64 (210)Tropical monsoonal27 (81)2813 (111)
Chennai, Tamil Nadu130'N8011'E15.5 (51)Tropical wet and dry/ savannaTropical dry forest29 (84)1541 (61)
Bangalore1258'N7735'E923 (3028)Tropical wet and dry/ savannaSubtropical dry forest24 (75)905 (36)
Mangalore, Karnataka1252'N7451'E22 (72)Tropical monsoonal27 (81)3479 (137)
Kozhikode1115'N7547'E5.03 (17)Tropical monsoonalTropical moist forest28 (82)3063 (121)
Pamban917'N7913'E11 (36)Tropical wet and dry/ savanna29 (84)912 (36)
Thiruvananthapuram829'N7657'E64.3 (211)27 (81)1713 (67)
Trivandrum, Kerala829'N7657'E64 (210)Tropical wet and dry/ savanna27 (81)1835 (72)
 India Average2145'N7945'E420 (1379)Tropical wet and dry/ savannaSubtropical dry forest25 (76)1784 (70)

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