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Climate & Temperature > India Climate
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Climate, Average Weather of India

  • Of the land area, 2.5% has a tropical monsoon climate (Am), 31.6% has a tropical wet and dry/ savanna climate (Aw), 17.4% has a semi-arid/ steppe climate (BS), 10.3% has a arid/ desert climate (BW), 31.5% has a temperate/ mesothermal climate with dry winters (Cw), 6.6% has a alpine/ highland climate (H).
  • Of the population, 4.3% live in a tropical monsoon climate (Am), 35.5% live in a tropical wet and dry/ savanna climate (Aw), 20.4% live in a semi-arid/ steppe climate (BS), 5.2% live in a arid/ desert climate (BW), 34% live in a temperate/ mesothermal climate with dry winters (Cw), 0.6% live in a alpine/ highland climate (H).
Location Lat. Long. Alt. m(ft) Climate Biome Av. Temp. Precip.
Leh, Jammu And Kashmir34°9'N77°34'E3514 (11529)BWkBoreal desert6 (42)117 (5)
Srinagar, Jammu And Kashmir34°5'N74°50'E1587 (5207)CfaCool temperate moist forest14 (56)710 (28)
Amritsar31°38'N74°52'E234 (768)CwaTropical very dry forest23 (73)760 (30)
Ludhiana30°52'N75°56'E255 (837)BShTropical very dry forest24 (74)733 (29)
Mukteswar/ Kumaon29°28'N79°39'E2311 (7582)CwbSubtropical moist forest13 (56)1301 (51)
New Delhi28°35'N77°12'E216 (709)CwaTropical very dry forest25 (77)790 (31)
Bikaner28°0'N73°18'E224 (735)BWhTropical thorn woodland26 (79)325 (13)
Dibrugarh/ Mohanbari27°29'N95°1'E111 (364)CwaSubtropical wet forest23 (74)2569 (101)
Dibrugarh, Assam27°28'N94°55'E108 (354)CwaSubtropical wet forest23 (73)2758 (109)
Agra27°10'N78°2'E169 (554)BShSubtropical dry forest26 (79)695 (27)
Darbhanga26°10'N85°54'E50 (164)CwaTropical dry forest24 (76)1166 (46)
Guwahati26°6'N91°35'E72 (237)CwaSubtropical moist forest24 (76)1722 (68)
Allahabad25°27'N81°44'E98 (321)CsaTropical dry forest26 (79)1027 (40)
Cherrapunji25°15'N91°44'E1300 (4265)CwbSubtropical rain forest17 (63)11777 (464)
Cherrapunji, Meghalaya25°15'N91°44'E1313 (4308)CwbSubtropical rain forest17 (63)11420 (450)
Kota25°9'N75°51'E279 (915)BShTropical very dry forest27 (80)766 (30)
Dumka24°16'N87°15'E149 (489)AsSubtropical moist forest26 (78)1391 (55)
Daltonganj24°3'N84°4'E221 (725)CwaTropical dry forest26 (78)1205 (47)
Sagar23°51'N78°45'E555 (1821)CsaTropical dry forest25 (78)1279 (50)
Ahmedabad23°4'N72°38'E56 (185)BShSubtropical dry forest27 (81)789 (31)
Indore, Madhya Pradesh22°43'N75°48'E567 (1860)AsSubtropical dry forest25 (77)1062 (42)
Kolkata/ Calcutta22°32'N88°20'E6 (21)AsSubtropical moist forest27 (80)1800 (71)
Dwarka22°22'N69°5'E11 (37)BWhSubtropical thorn woodland27 (80)275 (11)
Nagpur/ Sonegaon21°6'N79°3'E310 (1017)AsTropical dry forest27 (81)1094 (43)
Veraval20°54'N70°22'E12 (39)BSh-26 (79)735 (29)
Akola20°42'N77°2'E282 (925)AsSubtropical dry forest28 (82)841 (33)
Bhubaneshwar20°15'N85°50'E49 (162)AsTropical dry forest27 (81)1492 (59)
Jagdalpur19°5'N82°2'E554 (1818)AsSubtropical moist forest25 (77)1495 (59)
Mumbai/ Bombay18°54'N72°49'E11 (35)As-28 (82)2168 (85)
Pune18°32'N73°51'E558 (1831)BShSubtropical dry forest25 (76)741 (29)
Visakhapatnam17°43'N83°18'E4 (11)AsSubtropical dry forest28 (83)955 (38)
Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh17°27'N78°28'E535 (1755)BShTropical very dry forest27 (80)803 (32)
Musulipatnam16°12'N81°9'E10 (32)AsTropical dry forest28 (83)959 (38)
Belgaum (Sambre)15°51'N74°37'E755 (2477)AsSubtropical dry forest24 (76)947 (37)
Goa15°29'N73°49'E64 (210)Am-27 (81)2813 (111)
Chennai, Tamil Nadu13°0'N80°11'E16 (51)AsTropical dry forest29 (84)1541 (61)
Bangalore12°58'N77°35'E923 (3028)AsSubtropical dry forest24 (75)905 (36)
Mangalore, Karnataka12°52'N74°51'E22 (72)Am-27 (81)3479 (137)
Kozhikode11°15'N75°47'E5 (17)AmTropical moist forest28 (82)3063 (121)
Pamban9°17'N79°13'E11 (36)As-29 (84)912 (36)
Thiruvananthapuram8°29'N76°57'E64 (211)Aw-27 (81)1713 (67)
Trivandrum, Kerala8°29'N76°57'E64 (210)Aw-27 (81)1835 (72)
 India Average21°45'N79°45'E420 (1379)AsSubtropical dry forest25 (76)1784 (70)

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